Sinor Synthetic Fuels Report
Volume 5 No. 2 April 1998 Table of Contents


GENERAL

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Westinghouse Reports Largest Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell Startup a Success ....1
Air Products Begins Engineering of $50 Million Gas Unit ....1
CORPORATIONS
Pure Energy Plans New Fuel Based On Methyltetrahydrofuran ....2
Shell Making Big Move Into Renewable Energy ....4
Ballard Expands Stationary Fuel Cell Business ....4
GOVERNMENT
DOE Issues Draft Comprehensive National Energy Strategy ....5
ENERGY POLICY AND FORECASTS
EIA’s Annual Energy Outlook Revises Energy Demand Upward for Period to 2020 ....8
World Energy Council Projects $30 Trillion in 30 Years for Energy Projects ....10
The End of Cheap Oil Said to Be Foreseeable ....11
Economists Conclude That Energy Causes Economic Growth ....14
ECONOMICS
F-T Success Will Require Combination of Favorable Factors ....15
TECHNOLOGY
Variety of Transportation Fuel Additives From Syngas May Be Feasible ....15
Lurgi to Sell German Synthesis Gas Technology ....16
Fuel Cell Powerplants Will Be Suited for Variety of Fuels and Environments ....18
Spanish Biomass Gasification Pilot Plant Makes Clean Gas ....20
Entrained-Flow Gasification of Biomass and Coal Could Be Promising ....23
Coal/Water Coprocessing Liquids Upgraded ....24
New Hydrogen Technologies Serve Oil Refinery Needs ....26
ENVIRONMENT
Powerplant Emissions Control in the U.S. to Shift Focus From SO2 to NOx and PM ....29
COMING EVENTS ....33

OIL SHALE

INTERNATIONAL
Exploitation of Jordanian Oil Shales Would Benefit the Country ....35
RESOURCE
Naval Oil Shale Reserves Transferred to BLM and Opened for Drilling ....38

OIL SANDS

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Fourth Phase of Development at Burnt Lake Confirms Economic Potential ....40
CORPORATIONS
Suncor Increases Capital Spending for Project Millennium ....40
Syncrude Growth Triggers $220 Million Pipeline Expansion By AEC ....42
Koch Exploration Acquires Solv-Ex Leases, Plans Development ....42
Canadian Natural Resources Expands Pelican Lake Holdings ....43
Amber Energy Adds to Pelican Lake Holdings ....43
Exxon, Corpoven Sign MOU for Venezuela Development ....43
Texaco Joins Italian Tar Gasification Project ....44
ENERGY POLICY AND FORECASTS
Oil Sands Should Supply Over 50 Percent of Canadian Crude By 2010 ....44
Canadian Heavy Oil Producers Will Need More Integration in the Future ....45
ECONOMICS
California Heavy Oil Profitable, Say New Economic Models ....48
INTERNATIONAL
UK, Florida Setbacks Dampen Orimulsion Export Plans ....50

COAL

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Coal-Fueled Diesel Engine Given Go Ahead for Alaska ....52
Feasibility Study Planned for Clean Coal Powerplant in Kentucky ....52
NEDO Liquefaction Plant Completes 80-Day Run ....53
Feasibility Study Under Way for Commercial Coal Liquefaction Plant in China ....53
CORPORATIONS
Covol Lists Projects and Prospects ....53
ENERGY POLICY AND FORECASTS
DOE Strategic Plan Sees Large Market Share for Gasification in 2015 ....57
Future of Coal Could Be Constrained, Says Yeager ....61
ECONOMICS
Copyrolysis of Coal with Coke-Oven Gas Improves Economics ....62
TECHNOLOGY
New Process Revealed for Catalytic Liquefaction of Low-Rank Coal ....64
Pelletized E-Fuel Reduces Fuel Costs and Emissions ....66
UCG Could Be Used to Improve Coalbed Methane Production ....67
Status of U.S. UCG Technology Reviewed ....69
Methacoal Concept Proposed for Waste Disposal ....71
INTERNATIONAL
Cost is the Keystone for IGCC Applications in China ....74
NEDO Launches Briquette Project in Thailand ....77
RESOURCE
IEA Predicts Fundamental Changes in International Coal Trade ....78

NATURAL GAS

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Methanex’s Punta Arenas Plant Adds Two Methanol Units ....81
Offshore Floating Production System for Methanol Looks Promising ....82
CORPORATIONS
Statoil Lets Contracts, Looks to Tap North Sea Gas ....85
Gas Utilization Research Forum Fosters Industry Cooperation ....86
ECONOMICS
Crocco Sees Stabilization of World Methanol Market ....87
Shell Finds Scale-Up Key to Methanol Economics ....90
TECHNOLOGY
Offshore Production Feasible for Gas-To-Liquids Technology ....92
New Catalysts for Gas-To-Liquid Process Patented ....94
New Technologies for Syngas Production are On the Way ....95
Liquid Phase Methanol Development Reviewed ....98
Catalysts for Methane Production From Carbon Monoxide Compared ....101
ENVIRONMENT
Fischer-Tropsch Fuels Cleaner Than Reformulated Diesel ....102


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