Sinor Synthetic Fuels Report
Volume 5 No. 3 July 1998 Table of Contents


GENERAL

GOVERNMENT
U.S. Department of Energy Proposes Technology Options to Reduce CO2 ....1
ENERGY POLICY AND FORECASTS
IPAA Forecasts U.S. Energy Growth Through 2010 ....4
ECONOMICS
Electricity Deregulation May Offer New Markets for Fuel Providers ....5
TECHNOLOGY
Bimetallic Catalysts Increase Selectivity in F-T Reaction ....6
Model Assesses Role of Alkali Production in F-T Synthesis ....8
Carbon Catalysts Upgrade Liquid Biofuels ....9
Study Favors DME Over Natural Gas and Methanol ....11
WOMBAT Process Converts Tires into Low-Polluting Fuel ....13
ENVIRONMENT
U.S. Global Change Research Program Releases 1999 Assessment ....14
RESOURCE
F-T Syncrudes Yield Exceptional Fuel Qualities ....16
Efficiency of Distribution Network Key to Global Methanol Marketing ....18
COMING EVENTS ....20


OIL SHALE

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Stuart Project 40 Percent Complete ....22
CORPORATIONS
Australian Shale Developers Eye $28 Billion Barrel Resource Base ....23
TECHNOLOGY
Cogeneration Using Shale Produces Efficient and Clean Energy ....24
One Percent Moisture Increases Oil Shale Yield by 20 Percent ....27
Fluidized Bed Combustion Test Unit Operating in Japan ....28
Catalysts Tested in Israeli Trickle Bed Reactor ....30
RESOURCE
Shale Resources in Turkey Assessed ....34


OIL SANDS

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Orimulsion Wins Florida Go Ahead; Hits New Barrier ....36
Syncrude Greenlights $900 Million Aurora Mine Expansion ....37
Synshift/Synsat Unit Selected for Fort McMurray ....38
CORPORATIONS
Suncor Oil Sands Earnings Grow 9 Percent in 1997, Dip in Early 1998 ....38
Suncor Sells 1 Million Tonnes of Petroleum Coke to Japan ....39
TECHNOLOGY
Mild Hydrotreating Stabilizes Synthetic Crude Oil ....40
Recovery Doubles: Cost Drops 30 Percent with SAGD Technology ....42
In Situ Bitumen Test Maps Effects of Steam on Oil Consumption ....43
Vapex Solvent Injection Process Recovers Oil Without Heat ....45
Model Useful in Assessing Heat and Fluid Flow in Oil Recovery ....47
WATER
Lithium Buildup Hampers Produced Water Use at Wolf Lake ....50
RESOURCE
Canadian Oil Sands Production Up, Poised to Triple ....52


COAL

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
100 MW IGCC Plant Opens at Pinon Pine ....55
Sasol Plans Expansion of Secunda Plant ....55
GOVERNMENT
U.S. Clean Coal Projects Moving Toward Completion ....56
Coal Conversion a Centerpiece in Japanís New Sunshine Program ....56
U.S. Coal Test Center Opens ....59
State of Ohio Awards $5.4 Million in Clean Coal Grants ....60
TECHNOLOGY
Phosphomolybdic Acid Activates Catalyst in Coal Liquefaction ....61
Coal Liquefaction Process Designed to Minimize Use of Solvent ....63
Higher Reactor Gas Flow Found to Increase Liquefaction Yields ....65
Hydriodic Acid and Microwaves Enhance Coal Liquefaction ....67
Biomass Fractionation Applied to Coal Liquefaction ....68
Hydrogenated Resid Makes Good Coal Liquefaction Solvent ....70
Coke Oven Gas Cheap Hydrogen Source for Coal Liquefaction ....72
Eutectic Salts Investigated as Gasification Catalysts ....73
Hydroboration Process Simple Way to Upgrade Coal ....74
ENVIRONMENT
Fate of Sulfur During Coal Pyrolysis Tracked ....75
RESOURCE
Cavity Growth in In Situ Gasification Modeled ....76


NATURAL GAS

PROJECT ACTIVITIES
Wyoming 8,000 BPD Syntroleum GTL Project Launched ....78
Norsk Hydro Proposes Natural Gas-to-Hydrogen Power Generation ....78
Shell Begins Reconstruction of Malaysian GTL Plant ....79
CORPORATIONS
Syntroleum Adds 16,500 Square Foot Research Laboratory ....79
Chevron and Sasol Team to Build Nigerian Gas-to-Liquids Plant ....80
Syntroleum Funds Research of Low-Cost Catalysts by Catalytica ....80
GOVERNMENT
U.S. Department of Energy Supports Methane Hydrate Research ....80
ECONOMICS
Economics of GTL Technology Ensures Boom, Predicts ADL ....82
TECHNOLOGY
Case Study Presents History of Shell Middle Distillate Synthesis Process ....82
Simultaneous Steam and CO2 Reforming of Methane 99 Percent Efficient ....84
Mega Methanol Synthesis Plants Can Produce 5,000 Metric Tons per Day ....86
Partial Oxidation of Methane Examined in Engineering Model ....88
Catalytic Decomposition of Methane Attractive for Remote Hydrogen ....88
Hydrates May Hold 320,000 TCF of U.S. Natural Gas Resources ....90


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